Dark circles are a common problem faced by both men and women. And while there is a whole market catering to the issue, it’s not as simple as it comes across. Most skin experts will tell you that a single, standalone approach will rarely work to get rid of panda eyes. We asked dermatologists to weigh in on the many causes, and what actually works.
What Causes Dark Circles?
1. Genetics: Much like many skin conditions, and hair loss, dark circles can be blamed on genes too. Dr Geetika Mittal Gupta, cosmetologist and founder of Isaac Luxe, says, “Dark circles can be inherited and can be seen early in childhood, worsening as you age.” Yikes! “They can also be due to other medical conditions such as thyroid disease, which can also result in under eye dark circles.”
Treatment: According to Dr Sethi creams that contain hesperidin, vitamin K and caffeine help improve vasculature to an extent. “Lasers like CL4D are also effective for tightening up those blood vessels and improving the skin’s health.”
2. Age: As we grow old, dark circles become prominent due to a natural loss of volume in the facial area. Dr Madhu Chopra, cosmetologist and managing director, Studio Aesthetique, explains, “Sunken eyes are a part of ageing because when the skin loses its collagen and becomes lax and thinner, the dark circles start appearing.”
Treatment: Dr Kiran Sethi, aesthetic dermatologist, Isya Aesthetics, recommends derma fillers. “Fillers are best to fill up the hollows. It lasts for almost a year and sometimes even longer.” Radiofrequency can also be done with a reputed professional for tightening and lifting the skin. Creams and serums with retinol, vitamin C and peptides are also beneficial.
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3. Straining your eyes: Squinting, rubbing and straining is not only bad for your eyes, but also for your under-eyes. Dr Mittal Gupta says, “Staring at the screen causes strain on your eyes which causes blood vessels to enlarge, which leads to the darkening of the skin surrounding your eyes.”
Treatment: Dr Pai says, “Spectacles when advised, need to be worn to avoid extra straining of the eyes.” Also, reduce your screen time and take as many breaks as possible.
4. Dehydration: Lack of proper amount of water intake causes the skin beneath your eyes to look dull, and your eyes look sunken. Dehydration makes your body’s tissues shrink, including your skin and the delicate tissue under the eyes.
Treatment: Drink a sufficient amount of water daily. Avoid diuretics such as caffeine and alcohol that can lead to dehydration. Dr Jamuna Pai, celebrity cosmetologist and founder of SkinLab says, “Moisturising the skin and using under-eye serums containing hyaluronic gel helps keep the skin hydrated.” Dr Mittal Gupta recommends Dr G Eye Bright Cream.
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5. Lack of sleep and fatigue: This is a common cause and probably we’ve all faced this issue when we’ve had a row of hectic nights. Not getting enough sleep can lead to baggy under-eyes and darkening around it. Dr Mittal Gupta explains, “Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to become pale and dull, which increases the visibility of the dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin.”
Treatment: Certain home remedies can be useful quick fixes. Dr Chopra suggests, “Squeeze the juice of grated potatoes and soak a clean cotton ball in it. Apply over your closed eyelids and under your eyes. Potatoes are known to help with the reconstitution of collagen along with tightening and brightening of the skin.” Note, this is only a temporary fix. Maintaining a good lifestyle and getting six to eight hours of sleep is important.
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